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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  November 8, 2015 11:00am-11:31am EST

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>> hopeful opposition supporters gather outside party headquarters after cesarien's first credible election in 25 years. >> hello, you're washing al jazeera live from london. also coming up: two stabbings and a have gone attack leaf one dead and six injured in another day of violence in the west bank. >> gunmen kill nine in a bar in burundi hours before the government starts house to house searches for weapons.
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she goes to school in the morning and teaches in the afternoon. meet the girl dubbed afghanistan's malala. voting passed off smoothly in myanmar. many were voting for the first time in their lives. final results aren't expected for a few days and could be followed by weeks of
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>> >> the end of a historic day here in myanmar, the end of polling for this general election. it seems to have gone smoothly. there are no reports of violence, no reports or accusations of any kind of inconsistencies, election monitors from local and international organizations had fanned out across the country and so far, there had been no mention of wrongdoing or any suspicious activities at these 40,000 polling centers across the country. now the nld, opposition party headquarters here, people started to gather after the sunset, a couple of hours after polling closed to show support. they gathered out in front of
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the headquarters but then were told to go home and wait for the results. we look at how the day unfolded. >> before daybreak, and before polling stations had opened, voters in myanmar were patiently waiting their turn for a chance to vote for the government they want. >> it's for our next generation, time for real change. that's what we're hoping for and hopefully, you know, that will bring good changes. >> this day, we can make a change for the future, for a brighter future for our country. >> for nearly 50 years, a military government ruled the country until handing over power four years ago. since then, the party, mostly consisting of former military officers, has been in charge. the woman seen most able to bring change to myanmar was still under house arrest in the last general election. the process largely was
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considered fraudulent by the international community. >> this election is seen as more legitimate and inclusive compared to the last election five years ago, the main opposition party, the national league for democracy is taking part. international observers have been allowed in. people who didn't bother voting in 2010 are turning up to cast their ballot. >> it is a first for myanmar to invite international observation. we think this is very positive. it increases the transparency of the process and our observers are now doing their work and we hope that this transparency will be displayed throughout the counting process and throughout the announcement of the results. >> there are allegations of errors in the voter list and irregularities in advance voting and there will be no polling in hundreds of villages because of security concerns following fighting between armed ethnic armies and government soldiers. holders of temporary identity cards who voted in the last election won't be allowed to this time.
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the move mainly affects rohingya, the muslim minority who are discriminated against and unrecognized by the government. whatever the outcome of sunday's vote, the military will stale play a part in government, because the constitution guarantees it a quarter of seats in parliament. despite its flaws, this election is a step forward for the fledgling democracy in myanmar. >> let's look at how we got here. the party won elections in 1990, but the military annulled results and put her under house rest for 13 of the next 21 years. in 1991, she was awarded the nobel peace prize for her commitment to change in myanmar. buddhist amongst led the biggest anti-government protest in 20 years known as the saffron revolution. military rulers rewrote the
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constitution, giving them a quarter of all seats in parliament and bans her from becoming president by disqualifying anyone with foreign children. the leaders of myanmar's democracy movement was finally freed from arrest in 2010 but her party boycotted elections widely seen as rigged. many human rights issues relate to minorities. >> there is no celebrating here for democracy here in these camps. there are around 100,000 people, most of them rohingya muslims, largely viewed as illegal i am france despite the fact most have been here for generations. their rights have been stripped away. they used to vote in elections,
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not this time. that right has also been taken by the government. >> i was hoping to be able to vote, but now i can't. our lives are so difficult right now. >> i'm very sad that i can't vote, but i hope that after the election, the rohingya people will be recognized. that's my one wish. >> just a few kilometers away outside these camps, people have been able to volt at normal. one of the leading candidates for the main buddhist party in the state isn't offering much hope for the people here. >> we have a citizenship law and we can live with those who are compatible with that law, but we can't live with newcomers. >> people have some hope, but so far, the candidate has refused to speak out in support of them. >> it's been another day of violence in the occupied west bank with three separate attacks on israelis. at least one person is dead, a palestinian shot by israeli police after driving into a group of people. a palestinian woman was also shot and wounded by a security
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good afternoon after a stabbing incident outside bethlehem. the woman was captured pulling a knife from her purse and then lunging at guard. it's the latest in attacks that have lasted more than a month. stephanie decker joins us live now. more unrest in the west bank. tell us about what happened today. >> that's right. well, you've just shown the video of the woman put on camera carrying out an attempted stabbing. it's quite rare that we see these kind of videos, because there's also quite a few incidents that have been disputed in the past. palestinian witnesses say that it didn't happen the way it actually was accounted by the israeli security forces, so this an incident that has been put on camera and does actually show in quite photographic detail her trying to stab an israeli security officer.
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we had another incident where an israeli settler was stabbed. this is according to israeli police, by two palestinian men shopping in the occupied west bank close to the city of nablas. the attacks have been a pattern over the last few weeks that most have been taking place around the southern city of hebron. today, none of the three were carried out around there. they were in other areas of the west bank. it shows the fear and tension a remains here and unprohibittability of how, where and when these incidents take place. >> there's no sane of it dying down. of course, this latest violence comes ahead of israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu's trip to the united states. what are the expectations from his meeting with barack obama? >> that's right. he is in the air now entrout washington. we know they'll be discussing things like the iran nuclear
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deal. this is the first time they'll be meeting since that's been signed. also, mutual security will be high on the agenda, but they will be discussing the tensions here was. there have been leaks from the israeli media, talking about that the israeli prime minister is coming with a plan for palestinians, specifics that were mentioned were trying to improve things in the occupied west bank in gaza. it comes to lifting, easing checkpoints, freedom of movement, also mentions perhaps bettering the economy in a way, but i think it's very difficult to see how that's going to translate to the ground. also, we heard from the white house just a few days ago that a two-state solution was certainly not going to happen in the next 15 months under the u.s. president barack obama. that doesn't come to a surprise to anyone here, but they also said that considering what's happening in the west bank with settlement expansion that a two-state solution seems difficult. they are actually start to go kind of refer to a one state
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solution, a by national state, which of course is something the israeli's don't want, this government doesn't want. i actually spoke to a senior israel official a while ago and asked them about what about a one state solution. they said it's never going to happen. they said why not? we said because they don't want it. these are the difficulties you're facing when it comes to resolving the tension on the ground, certainly what started in jerusalem at the beginning of october now has moved to the west bank and these incidents are happening on a daily base. >> thank you. moving to burundi now, unidentified gunman killed nine at a bar in the capital. it's evidence of increasing violence in the country. security forces tearing out house to house searches after a presidential deadline to hand in illegal weapons expired at midnight. opponents were told to give up their weapons and surrender or face police action. >> for more, i'm joined by
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political analyst from the london school of economic. thank you for coming in to speak to us. the deadline has passed for civilians to hand over weapons. what will the government do now? >> my guess is that i think the government lack of credibility to ensure -- it's very hard to know what will happen. i think the government is on a trajectory to increase violence, crush the opposition and doesn't seem better mind to stop until there is evidence that the opposition is -- >> we see many people leaving the capital in fear of a government crackdown. where will they go? >> that is not new. this has already started before and he was announcing that he will run for a third mandate.
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there are scarce resources. there is humanitarian issue, so it's very problematic for the region, this constant flow of people escaping. >> it's not very encouraging and some of the language that we've heard from leaders in burundi has drown parallels with the genocide in rwanda. could we see something similar playing out in a worst case scenario? >> yeah, we hear of course lots of parallel and even actually the leadership in burundi hinted on this kind of thing. kashmir, as well yesterday. however, there is still -- it's
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not systematic -- i think at the moment, we can't really see that this kind of rhetoric is really working, however, of course, we have to be really careful about that. >> thank you very much. >> thank you. >> there is more to come four on al jazeera after a very short break. catering to refugee professionals in greece, the economy on the island is getting an unexpected boost. plus: ♪ >> russia remembers the 224 victims of the sinai plane crash at an emotional memorial in st. petersburg.
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>> welcome back. let's take you through the top stories. voting passed off smoothly in what is build at myanmar's freest election ever. the national league for democracy is expected to win most of the vote. >> a palestinian has been shot dead by israeli security forces in the latest wave of violent incidents in the occupied west bank. >> in burundi, nine people have been killed after being attacked in a bar in the capital. >> a member of the team investigating the metro jet plane crash in egypt told reuters they are 95% certain it was caused by a bomb.
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the flight from sharm el-sheikh to st. petersburg came down in the sinai peninsula last weekend. it is reported that have said that a notice heard in the final seconds of the cockpit recording indicates an explosion caused by a bomb. a group affiliated with isil said it caused the crash. thousands of russian tourists have been evacuate from sharm el-sheikh after moscow suspended all flights on friday. >> a memorial service has been held in st. petersburg where most of the 224 victim in the crash came from. ♪ >> 224 chimes for 224 lives, ended suddenly and violently. the somber sound of a tolling bell was the combination of a service held in one of the largest cathedrals.
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according to tradition, nine days later a memorial is held, more than a week since the jet was destroyed over sinai and we're waiting for a conclusive explanation of how and why. western governments think it was probably a bomb. isil said it destroyed the plane as a revenge for russian's air campaign in syria. russians have a are a invite of views. >> we can only judge by what we're told. if you want to know what i think, if it was isil, i think that theory has a right to exist. >> i think it is the plane to blame. it's a technical error. >> there have been many versions. from what we are officially told, i'm inclined to think it was an explosive onboard. >> the kremlin said we shouldn't jump to conclusions, but its decision making tells a slightly different store. all russian flights to egypt were suspended on friday, a precaution we were told and evacuated tourists started arrival back in their home this weekend.
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>> even if an isil bomb is proven to be that whichs destroyed the jet, the general response has been to grieve and then move on. if anything, look for a hardening of attitude, more support for russia's bombing in syria. sorrow is often followed by anger, but modern governments can be good at shaping public opinion for their own uses and the kremlin is better than most. al jazeera, moscow. >> to yemen, more than 50 people have been killed in two days. houthi rebels launched a major offensive in the south, recapturing several villages. pro government troops warn without immediate support from the saudi-led coalition. they may lose more ground. we have this report.
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>> houthi fighters hold ground in the southern city. pro government troops have retreated. outarmed and outnumbered, they wait for reinforcements. >> seven months after the start of the saudi-led airstrikes, houthi fighters are far from defeated. they've attacked a saudi military post in the border town. after hours of fighting, the houthis took control of the military post, destroyed armored vehicles before retreating. as the fighting continues across yemen, more civilians are continuing to die, including family members when their car was attacked on a busy road. >> few rockets fell on taiz city
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fired by the houthis, a boy and a girl and their father were killed. the mother survived, but she is in serious condition. >> local activists blame the houthis and forces loyal to former president al saleh. the continuing fighting threatens to undermine efforts to get yemen's warring factions to agree on a ceasefire and start political talks scheduled for the end of this month. a second cyclone in a week has hit yemen, causing panic. cyclone meg is heading toward the mainland, which suffered heavy flooding just a few days ago. serbia said two stars from its embassy in libya have been kidnapped. one employee is a woman. libya has seen a spate of kidnappings this year. 55 tunisians were captured in october before being released.
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>> the greek coast guard appealed to fishermen to rescue people after their boat engine failed. they are brought ashore where volunteers helped and gave them emergency blankets. volunteers have been joining greek authorities to help with the huge influx of ref jeers and the rescue efforts. >> hundreds of thousands who have arrived on the greek islands so far this year have changed how the islands look and how they're doing business. new shops and restaurants are popping up to cater for the refugees' needs. not everyone on the island is happy with the changes. we have this report. >> a scene full of contradictions.
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>> many businesses on lesbos were about to close down are now being kept alive. >> refugees line up to pay what little money they have to local businessmen and women who have learned that to acclimate. the sandwiches may be simple, but now menus can be found in various languages. still, catering to crisis has left a bad taste in the mouths of even some of those benefiting from it. like maria, while happy to be making extra cash selling sim cards, she feels conflicted. >> everybody takes advantage of them, the poor people. i don't think there is one single business that doesn't benefit. in the past, there was nothing here. it was just an empty street. that sums it up. now it is like a street party. >> in the capitol of lesbos, one new restaurant isn't just
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offering up menus in arabic, it is serving middle eastern cuisine, too. it promises patrons, most of them syrians, a taste of the homeland they fled. >> the owner insists his endeavor is good for both residents and refugees. >> we should adopt and accept these people and support them in any possible way. there is a difference between profiting from doing honest and hard work and exploitation. >> a short walk down the street, comfort is in as short a supply as nourishment. >> when you go to the shops, you will find that it's very crowded. >> he feels some businesses are trading off their suffering. >> some sleeping in parking lots said prices aren't an issue. they don't have enough money to
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go buy food at a grocery store or eat in a restaurant. >> many say the money they brought with them is perilously close to running out. still, even at this hour, surely one of their darkest, they choose to see some light. >> we find kindness in the people. that's what makes us feel happy again, because we cannot find this kindness in our countries. i don't know what to say. i don't know. >> as the economy on lesbos changes, people change with it. this may look like simple supply and demand, but for now, the only thing you can see clearly is a surplus of despair. al jazeera, lesbos, greece. >> the refugee crise is a big issue in croatia where people are voting in the first parliamentary election since
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joining the e.u.2 years ago. the winner will face a tough task nurturing a fridge jail economy and dealing with the refugees passing through croatia in the last two months. the prime minister has been accused of being infectual in handling the issue. india's ruling party has conceded defeat in state elections. it's one of india's poorest and most populace states. the prime minister modi made the elections a priority for his party, holding 30 campaign rallies. she's been called the afghan malala. she goes to school in the morning and runs her own school in the afternoon. she has been nominated for the children's peace prize.
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>> adiza is teaching the alphabet to children who might never have learned to read. she says knowledge removes obstacles and she would know. at first, parents didn't want to send their children to her makeshift school in the afghan capital, kabul. >> i talked with their families every chance i could get. sometimes by the water pump or wherever i saw them, i would talk to them. they liked me, so they let their children come to school. >> that was four years ago. she has been teaching these kids since she was 10 years old. she also advocates with government and education officials. they live in this refugee camp. many can't go to government schools because they don't have official i.d.'s. others missed out because they spent time collecting water for their families. she got water piped in and got them into schools. none of it might have happened without her father. he defied his neighbors and relatives to send her to school. >> i was not educated, and my other children weren't educated, but she was the only one who was interested, so i let her study.
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i gave her books, and all the financial support i could afford. >> but that wasn't much. aziza had to work selling street food. she got support from a charity that teaches circus skills that she shares with the children. >> she was born in one of the poorest neighborhoods of kabul. her house has no indoor plumbing or running water. she hopes every child in afghanistan will have an education. >> she is nominated for a nobel peace prize that could get her an education grant and over $100,000 to fund her projects. she said winning will go a long way to helping her school become a model for the rest of the country. >> i didn't know about this award. i've been helping the kids for four years. i'm very happy to be nominated. my words are more valuable now. i want to share my message with everyone. >> the nomination has brought her some attention.
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if she wins, her voice may be heard by a wider audience. two years ago, another girl championing education won the prize, pakistan's malala yousafzai. jennifer glasse, al jazeera, kabul. >> that's a great story. more on our website, aljazeera.com. >> massive atrocitiies are not commited by evil persons. they are committed by people who say "they are protecting their own communities". >> under his direction, the first permanent international legal body sought justice for some of the most serious atrocities of this century. the icc presented charges

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